The fifth and last batch of Income Tax (IR) refunds for 2021 will be paid by the Internal Revenue Service on September 30th. If you sent your declaration and did not receive any value, the guideline is to find out if you fell into the fine mesh or if there is any pending issue to be resolved.
To do this, just go to the Revenue website and make a query through Virtual Taxpayer Service Center (e-CAC). There are three possibilities to access the site: through the CPF or CNPJ with the access code and password; through the login and password for the gov.br portal; or, if so, informing the digital certificate.
If you don’t have an access code or it has expired, you can generate another one. To do this, you will need to provide the receipt numbers for your last two statements. Inside the Revenue website, check if there is any pending.
If you have fallen into the fine mesh, you can avoid fines or a subpoena from the IRS by submitting a rectifying statement with the data correction. Open the original declaration right there on the website and, in the menu on the left side, click on the option “rectify”.
The unfair taxation of taxes in Brazil
Unlike countries like Norway, Switzerland, Spain, France and Argentina that, with different rules, charge different taxes when it comes to the richest, here in Brazil taxation deepens the income disparity of the population. Who has less, pays more.
This happens because of the immense tax burden that, in Brazil, is concentrated in the so-called indirect taxes. They are those charged on consumption, that is, a fee included in the price of all goods.
Read more: Understand why the poor pay more taxes in Brazil
Thus, although the rate embedded in the bean package is the same for the entire population of the country, the percentage that that value represents of a housewife’s minimum wage is much lower than that of a billionaire investor’s income, for example .
Profits and dividends from large companies represent the majority of wealthy people’s income in Brazil. Such income is exempt from income tax.
The idea of taxing large fortunes
No wonder, the defense that whoever has more would have to pay more is nothing new. The Great Fortunes Tax (IGF) is even provided for in article 153 of the Federal Constitution. But it was never applied.
In defense of a tax policy that aims to alleviate income inequalities instead of accentuating them, around 60 organizations have been organized, since October of last year, in the Campaign to Tribute the Super-Rich.
Read more: How does the taxation of large fortunes in other countries work?
Among the proposals of this articulation is the charging of a 2% tax on the total wealth of the 42 Brazilian billionaires, whose fortune is estimated at R$600 billion. In addition, they claim that people with a net income of up to three minimum wages are exempt.
No campaign website it even has a calculator for each person to calculate how much income tax they would pay if the proposals were made.
Edition: Daniel Lamir