Research identifies political parties as hostile environments to women

Of 155 women who are running for public office interviewed by the Saia Institute’s Political Policy survey, 121 said that the campaign promises for the candidacy were not fulfilled by the political parties. The study was released this Thursday (25), on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

:: Violence, boycotts and prejudice help to explain the deficit of women in politics ::

The study also raised reports involving name-calling, threats and sexual attacks. In one of them, the interviewee claims that a supporter tried to sexually assault her. “But I made a record and he stopped. It stole my campaign planning.”

In another report, one of the interviewees says:

“I was severely attacked for exercising leadership in a mandate of my party in my city, even though I was not affiliated with the party. I have been in many embarrassing situations, I have been bombarded with insults and slander, persecuted and watched incessantly.”

“Party leaders have put not only me, but other women as candidates to fill the women’s quota,” said another interviewee.

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“The party did not send the percentage of the party fund designated for women, to help women candidates, the leadership lost names on the ticket for not meeting deadlines, a lack of respect for us”, brings another report.

In addition to the broken promises and political violence, the insertion of women in the political environment is still hampered by the lack of knowledge of the procedures and electoral rules, which, for the institute, shows the lack of training and encouragement for those who are inside of acronyms.

Of the 155 candidates, 145 had no preparation during the candidacy and campaign and 125 did not receive partisan support and guidance in accountability.

:: More than half of Brazilian women have already suffered some type of political violence, according to a survey ::

The survey was conducted between October 8th and November 22nd, in online format, with 1,194 respondents. Only 155 of them ran for public office.

Most of them are from the state of São Paulo (572 responses, 48.3%), followed by Minas Gerais (111, 9.4%), Rio de Janeiro (102, 8.6%), Paraná (63.5 .3%) and Rio Grande do Sul (55.46%). Most have completed higher education (73.7%), children (60.5%) and, on average, 42.3 years.

Most of the more than a thousand women interviewed do not know how accountability works and what is the deadline for registering an application. Of the total, 83.2% are in favor of quotas for female candidates and 83.2% for the party fund.

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According to the prosecutor Gabriela Manssur, president of the Instituto Justiça de Saias, the data are important to charge for combating political violence in these spaces. “They are necessary to plead for the engagement of party and board leaders in the elimination of political violence against women”, she says.

“In the Public Ministry of São Paulo we always had men in the leadership. But we did a work to sensitize these leaders, demanding management with a gender perspective. That’s what we’re going to do with the parties, we’re forming a cohesive group that will do the work of bringing the boards closer together, with a protocol and action with women,” said Mansur during the press conference.

“We are going to do this work not only in the parties, but in society in general, bringing women closer to politics. I want women to participate in the Brazilian political scene.”

::“There is no democracy without the participation of women in politics”, says Ana Affonso::

Of the 155 women candidates, 90.8% ran for councilor positions; 11.8% state deputy; 3.9% deputy mayor; 10.5 federal deputy; and 1.3% senator.

Today, only one woman commands a Brazilian state, Fátima Bezerra (PT), in Rio Grande do Norte. At the municipal level, only 11.8% of cities are governed by women.

According to data from the Interparliamentary Union (UIP), Brazil is in 142nd place in the ranking of participation of women in national politics, among 192 countries.

In the Chamber of Deputies, of the 513 parliamentarians, only 77 are women: only 15% compared to the 52% that the female population represents in the country. In the Senate, of the 81 congressmen, 12 are women.

Edition: Leandro Melito

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