The 2022 Pulitzer Prize winners have been announced in the US. Special Jury Mention honored Ukrainian journalists – for continuing to work despite the war, occupation and shelling. that don’t stop:
- On Monday, Odessa and the Odessa region were shelled three times. At least one person was killed, there are wounded.
- In Russia, at least 125 people were detained on Victory Day.
- The parade in Moscow turned out to be more modest than in previous years. Putin has not declared either war or general mobilization.
- Volodymyr Zelensky, in a festive address to citizens, said that soon there would be two Victory Days in Ukraine, and not a single one would remain in Russia.
- In the Ukrainian cities occupied by Russia, with enhanced security measures, marches of the “Immortal Regiments” were held. A giant St. George ribbon was carried in Mariupol.
- The President of the United States signed the law on Lend-Lease for Ukraine. Japan has expanded sanctions against Russia.
On Monday, Russia continued to attempt an offensive in the Donbass, the main battles are taking place in the Luhansk region. There is no water, no electricity, no gas in the frontline areas, but the civilian population still remains there – here is a story about the life of these people. The city of Popasnaya finally came under the control of the Russian army – however, nothing was left of it. What does this mean in a military sense? explained here.
Odessa and the Odessa region were subjected to rocket attacks three times in a day – including when in Odessa was President of the European Council Charles Michel. According to the Ukrainian military, as a result of shelling, one person was killed, five more were injured; evening attacks destroyed a shopping center and a warehouse of goods, strikes in the region – objects of “tourist infrastructure”.
There are about 600 wounded Ukrainian soldiers at the Azovstal plant in Mariupol, Deputy Commander of the Azov Regiment Svyatoslav Palamar said in an interview with the Ukrainian service of the BBC. It is not possible to treat them fully due to the lack of medicines and dressings. The eight-year-old author of the diary remains in Mariupol, whose photos were distributed on Facebook on May 3 by Mariupol photographer and actor Evgeny Sosnovsky: the boy is a relative of Sosnovsky, here Sosnovsky tells the history of the appearance of this text and explains what is behind the words of the children’s diary (very scary).
Here are the military photos last days.
In vain they were afraid
Putin, contrary to expectations, on May 9 did not declare war on Ukraine or mass mobilization. He only said that inflicting a “preemptive strike” on Ukraine was “the only right decision.” He called the goal of the “special operation” the protection of the Russian-speaking population of Donbass. Here political scientist Dmitry Oreshkin comments on this sudden adjustment of plans. Oreshkin explains Lukashenka’s absence from the parade by saying that “Putin smells like a political corpse,” and calls the announcement of mass mobilization in Russia superfluous, because it is already going on in a hidden form. This is confirms the Nestka publication, which tells about a meeting in the depot of the Moscow metro, at which men were ordered to undergo an extraordinary medical examination for subsequent shipment to Ukraine. Dissenters were threatened with dismissal and criminal prosecution.
The second surprise on May 9 was the cancellation of the air part of the parade almost throughout Russia. Military expert Yuri Fedorov believes that this is due either to Putin’s fears for his own safety (after all, the plane can be dropped), or his unwillingness to scare the West. In the future, according to Fedorov, Russia will wage a war of attrition, because it believes that it has more resources than Ukraine.
It may be a miscalculation: On May 9, US President Joe Biden signed lend-lease law for Ukraine. According to Ukrainian political analyst Yuri Kachura, this means that the West has bet on Kyiv’s victory. (Biden, however, worriesthat Putin in the current situation does not have worthy ways out of the war).
The President of Ukraine has no doubts about victory – in his address to the holiday on May 9, he said that there would soon be two Victory Days in Ukraine, and “someone will not have a single one.” Zelensky has already won at least a rhetorical victory over Putin – compare for yourself.
More about support and containment
The United States has canceled export duties on Ukrainian steel to support the country’s economy. The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said in an interview with the Financial Times that EU countries should seriously consider transferring Russia’s frozen foreign exchange reserves to Ukraine’s post-war reconstruction.
The European Union cannot yet agree on how to weaken Russia. Sixth package of sanctions will be somewhat weakened: the ban for European ships on the transportation of Russian oil and fuel to third countries will be excluded from it, but the ban on insurance of such shipments will remain. Sanctions against Russia expanded Japan – the new list includes more than 130 people (including Prime Minister Mishustin and relatives of Putin’s friend Gennady Timchenko) and 70 companies (including Almaz-Antey).
“Dance on the bones”
Russia organized celebration of Victory Day in the occupied cities of Ukraine. Russian state media noted that they were taking place “for the first time,” although in reality May 9 was celebrated annually in Ukraine. The “Immortal Regiment” (the lion’s share of whose members, according to local residents, were brought from the Crimea) marched in Kherson, Berdyansk, and Melitopol. In Mariupol, a 300-meter St. George ribbon was carried along the street – the Ukrainian authorities called it a “dance on the bones”, since the rubble has not yet been sorted out in the city and the dead have not been buried. In Donetsk, processions and parades were simply cancelled, probably because people from Donetsk, in fact, walked around Mariupol with a ribbon. Residents of the occupied cities noted such signs of Victory Day as an increase in the number of roadblocks, the cessation of public transport, an abundance of snipers on rooftops, and mass detentions.
The mayor of the occupied Melitopol Ivan Fedorov, pointing out that there is no work in the city, there is not enough food, people do not leave their homes for fear of kidnapping, continued: “A huge number of problems have set the city back in its development for at least 30 years. But on the other hand, we make a picture that we “believe, honor, remember.” And after that, representatives of the self-proclaimed authorities get into German cars and leave after the picture is taken. It’s absurd.”
The celebration in Berlin also looked somewhat absurd, where the police banned the demonstration of Russian, Soviet and Ukrainian symbols, but did not particularly follow the implementation of their own prohibitions, which made it possible for fans of victory to perform all the usual rituals – here is a report from Meduza. In Warsaw, the Russian ambassador, who laid flowers on the graves of Red Army soldiers, was doused with red paint. In the evening on the building of the Russian embassy in London projected protest blue-and-white flag with the inscription “No to war”.
Those who were able to repeat
On the eve of Victory Day in different cities of Russia passed “parades of preschool children”, in which kindergarteners marched in costumes of tanks and planes, the cities were covered with symbols of the “special operation” (especially impressive for some reason petersburg city coloring book), and souvenir shops were supplied with Soviet flags and Russian tricolors with the letter Z. People were determined to celebrate the 77th anniversary of the victory, despite the war that is going on in Ukraine.
Regional news agencies and heads of various Russian regions announced in unison about the appearance of the streets of Zakharchenko (the head of the so-called “DPR”, who was killed in 2018 by an unknown person), in the columns of the “Immortal Regiment” they noticed a portrait of the pro-Russian Donetsk separatist Givi, who was killed in 2017, etc. Putin received in the Kremlin the father of the commander of the “Sparta” battalion (the military unit of the so-called “DPR”, formed in 2014 under the command of Motorola). At the parade, Putin promised that the children of the Russian military who were killed or wounded during the “special operation” in Ukraine would be admitted to universities without exams – they would be allocated 10% of all state-funded places.
Where did the Russian slogan “We can repeat” come from, which endowed Victory Day with militaristic frenzy long before the start of the current war, detailed here.
But there was one who did not shoot
On the website of the pro-Kremlin publication Lenta.ru, one of the most visited news sites in Russia, on the morning of May 9, there was a lot of material with strong criticism of the war in Ukraine and the Russian authorities. Responsibility for the substitution was taken by the head of the departments “Economics” and “Habitat” Yegor Polyakov and the editor of these departments Alexandra Miroshnikova, here is their statement.
hackers hacked program schedule of some Russian pay TV operators. Instead of program titles on the night of May 9, there appeared the inscription “The blood of thousands of Ukrainians and hundreds of their murdered children is on your hands. TV and the authorities are lying. No to war.” During the festive concert, which was broadcast by Channel One, among the photos of front-line soldiers on the back of the stage appeared photo of Bonnie and Clyde.
In real life, anti-war actions were successfully suppressed. According to OVD-Info, on Victory Day, 125 people were detained, 82 of them for anti-war symbols and protests, and another 43 for past actions and statements, for actions with a different theme, as well as “for preventive purposes.” At least 37 people were detained in the Moscow metro using facial recognition cameras (among them lawyers Mikhail Biryukov and Julia Tregubova).
In Moscow detained a man who treated war opponents with sweets, and a journalist who interviewed him. In the Moscow region – a member of the “Immortal Regiment”, under the portrait of whose relative meant: “He did not want to repeat.” Yelena Osipova, a 77-year-old Petersburger, was not detained – anti-war posters with which she was going to stand on Nevsky Prospekt were taken by force.
On the St. Petersburg municipal deputy Sergei Samusev amounted to an administrative protocol on “discrediting” the Russian army for a photograph of a prisoner of the Nazi camps, Boris Romanchenko, who was killed by a Russian rocket in Kharkov. A protocol under the same article was drawn up against Vladimir Saltevsky, who went out to the Immortal Regiment march in Novosibirsk with a poster “I’m ashamed of you, grandchildren. We fought for peace, you chose war” – in an interview, he explains that he did it “for his own sake ”, so that later it would not be a shame to look into the eyes of children.
The “Spring” movement, in particular, encouraged people to come to the marches of the Immortal Regiment with posters against the war in Ukraine – here its coordinator Bohdan Lytvyn explains why. (About the criminal case against the participants of the “Spring” about the “creation of a non-profit organization that infringes on the personality and rights of citizens”, the suspects in which, among other things, Litvin, read here).
Court in Novosibirsk arrested for seven days of the deputy of the City Council Svetlana Kaverzina. The day before, she was detained for a post on Telegram, in which she invited residents of her district to a traditional action in memory of the victims of the war on May 8 (“organizing an action without approval”).
Among those detained and arrested for past actions is the head of the Arkhangelsk branch of the PARNAS party Yuri Shcherbachev (a protocol on “discrediting” for anti-war posts was drawn up against him), a former operator of Navalny’s headquarters in Arkhangelsk Ruslan Akhmetshin (“rehabilitation of Nazism”), Dmitry Ivanov, the author of the Protest Moscow State University telegram channel (he was arrested for 25 days after leaving the special detention center, where he spent ten – “repeated violation of the order of the action”). Voronezh journalists were searched in the case of “false mining”.
Five references about World War II
- Basic definitions. How does Nazism differ from fascism, what is the meaning of socialism in the phrase “National Socialism”, were war and the Holocaust inevitable? explains historian Tatyana Timofeeva.
- Holocaust. Konstantin Mitroshenkov tells about the life and major books of Primo Levi. Opera stage director Mstislav Pentkovsky explainswhy the Mariinsky Theater no longer shows the operas Anne Frank’s Diary and Brundibar this year.
- Unheroic. Story about how women were treated on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War and after the victory. Or monologues children of the war about the trauma they experienced and the current Russian “special operation”.