A draft law has been submitted to the State Duma that equates to treason going over to the side of the enemy in the context of an armed conflict or military operations against Russia. About it reported website of the lower house of parliament.
It is proposed to supplement the article on treason (Article 275 of the Criminal Code) with a new corpus delicti: “going over to the side of the enemy in the context of an armed conflict, military action or other actions involving the use of weapons and military equipment, in which the Russian Federation takes part.” In the Criminal Code, punishment under this article provides for 12 to 20 years in prison.
Article 208 of the Criminal Code (“Organization of an illegal armed group or participation in it”) is proposed to be supplemented with part three: “Participation of a citizen of the Russian Federation or a stateless person permanently residing in the Russian Federation in an armed conflict, military operations or other actions with the use of weapons and military equipment on the territory of a foreign of the state for purposes contrary to the interests of the Russian Federation (in the absence of signs of a crime under the article on treason), for which it is proposed to punish with imprisonment from 12 to 20 years.
In accordance with the bill, responsibility is also introduced “for the implementation of confidential cooperation with the special services of foreign states, that is, the secret establishment and maintenance of contact with such services or their representatives in order to assist in activities knowingly directed against the security of the Russian Federation.” For the commission of such a crime, deputies propose to punish with imprisonment for up to eight years. The fine can be up to 1 million rubles.
In addition, it is proposed to supplement the Criminal Code with Article 280.4, according to which, for calls to carry out activities directed against the security of the Russian Federation, or to obstruct the work of authorities to ensure the security of the country, a fine of 100 thousand to 500 thousand rubles, or imprisonment for a period of 2 to 4 years. Under aggravating circumstances, the sentence can reach up to seven years in prison.
Criminal liability is also provided for the use of mercenaries in hostilities. Thus, the recruitment, training and financing of a mercenary, his use in hostilities, if the law is adopted, will be punished by imprisonment from 12 to 18 years. The participation of a mercenary in the conflict threatens with imprisonment for a term of 7 to 15 years.