Amnesty International Brazil addressed the state government of Rio de Janeiro, the State Public Ministry and the Federal Public Ministry this Wednesday afternoon (25) demanding explanations about the massacre that took place in Vila Cruzeiro, where a police action caused the death of at least 25 people.
“The Governor owes an explanation to the whole of society, especially to the 200,000 residents of Vila Cruzeiro, who are under a strong emotional and psychic impact in the face of the terror experienced by yet another massacre”, says Amnesty in a note, recalling that, according to the Secretariat of Education, 19 school units had their functioning affected by the operation. The text asks that “the necessary and effective protocols be adopted so that the plan to reduce police lethality demanded by the STF is fulfilled”.
According to the organization, actions like this also do not comply with the “prerogative of absolute exceptionality”, defined by the Federal Supreme Court in Action for Noncompliance with Fundamental Precept (ADPF) No. international protocols that regulate the excessive use of force and lethal weapons”.
“It is important to remember that, three months ago, eight people were killed in the same territory, also during incursions by the security forces. It is unacceptable that, in this short period, at least thirty people were killed in the scope of police operations carried out in the Complexo da Penha, with prior notification to the MPRJ”, points out Amnesty.
The slaughter and the responsibilities of the Public Ministry
According to a survey carried out by the Fogo Cruzado Institute and the Study Group on New Illegalisms, from the Fluminense Federal University (UFF), in the one-year period of governor Cláudio Castro (PL) 180 deaths were recorded in 39 massacres. The study points out that of the 39 massacres, 31 took place during operations promoted by police forces. In total, the agents caused 150 deaths, equivalent to 84% of the murders.
In addition to demanding the state management, Amnesty also asks for a position from the Public Ministry of Rio de Janeiro (MP-RJ), “which should explain why it did not prevent an operation with such a level of lethality from being carried out”.
“The agency confirmed that it was notified about the operation. Amnesty International Brazil asks the Public Ministry: what does this notification mean? It is urgent that society knows what this communication is for if the Public Ministry fails to exercise external control over police action “, punctuates the note.
The organization emphasizes that the MP has the constitutional attribution of exercising external control of police activity. “However, the recurrence of massacres in the state indicates that the institution has not acted decisively to stop the cycle of violence and impunity that has been the hallmark of the public security policy implemented by the state government and carried out by police institutions under its authority. direct attribution and also by those of a federal nature.”
The Public Ministry of Rio de Janeiro instituted a Criminal Investigation Procedure (PIC) for the command of the Special Operations Battalion (BOPE) to send the procedure for summary investigation of the facts that occurred in the operation within a maximum period of ten days. In relation to federal agents, an official letter was sent to the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) for knowledge of the facts and the adoption of appropriate measures.
The Public Defender’s Office of Rio de Janeiro also sent a letter to the Military Police’s Special Operations Command, questioning the police operation. The document asks the PM for information about the motivations for the action in the community that culminated in the massacre.
Editing: Glauco Faria