Apoiador fiel de Jair Bolsonaro (PL), o presidente da Câmara dos Deputados, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), foi ao Twitter nesta sexta-feira (17) para pedir a renúncia do presidente da Petrobras, José Mauro Ferreira Coelho, horas depois of the state-owned company announcing a new readjustment in the price of fuels.
“The president of Petrobras has to resign immediately,” he wrote on twitter. “Get out!!! Because its management is an act of corporate terrorism.”
The president of Petrobras has to resign immediately. Not because of my personal will, but because he does not represent the majority shareholder of the company – Brazil – and, worse, works systematically against the Brazilian people in the country’s worst crisis.
— Arthur Lira (@ArthurLira_) June 17, 2022
Petrobras will readjust the price of gasoline sold in its refineries to fuel distributors by 5.1%. The state-owned company also reported that the price of diesel will rise 14.2%. The increase is valid from Saturday (18). In 2022 alone, gasoline sold by Petrobras accumulates an increase of 31%. Already diesel, 68% increase.
Read more: New fuel increase
This Friday’s adjustment was discussed at an emergency meeting of the state-owned board of directors held on Thursday (16). The federal government, Petrobras’ controlling partner, has six of the 11 board members – that is, the majority.
It was the government itself, of which Lira is an ally, that placed José Mauro Ferreira Coelho as president of Petrobras. He took office two months ago after General Joaquim Silva e Luna was fired by Bolsonaro. In his inaugural speech, Coelho thanked Bolsonaro. He promised to maintain Petrobras’ current pricing policy, which has been blamed for the increases.
The policy links the prices of fuels sold by the state-owned company to the value of products sold on the international market. After the start of the war between Russia and Ukraine, there was mainly an increase in diesel abroad. Petrobras followed these prices.
Analysis | Could the price of fuel be cheaper?
Apesar de não ter agido efetivamente para conter a nova alta, Bolsonaro foi ao Twitter nesta manhã se dizer contra o reajuste de preços da Petrobras. Even before the increase was officially announced, Bolsonaro wrote that it could “plunge Brazil into chaos”.
– The Federal Government as a shareholder is against any readjustment in fuels, not only because of the exaggerated profit of Petrobras in the midst of the global crisis, as well as for the public interest provided for in the State-Owned Companies Law.
— Jair M. Bolsonaro (@jairbolsonaro) June 17, 2022
With the adjustment, the average sale price of gasoline sold by Petrobras to distributors will rise from R$3.86 to R$4.06 per liter. It is worth remembering that this is not the final price that consumers find at pumps. At the beginning of the year, gasoline sold by Petrobras cost R$ 3.09 per liter in refineries.
Considering that gasoline sold at gas stations is mixed with 27% ethanol, Petrobras estimates that the fuel will rise by R$ 0.15 per liter to the final consumer.
For diesel, Petrobras’ average sales price to distributors will rise from R$4.91 to R$5.61 per liter. Considering that the diesel at the stations is 10% biodiesel, Petrobras estimates an increase of R$ 0.63 per liter at the stations. Diesel sold at Petrobras refineries started the year at a price of R$ 3.34 per liter.
This time, Petrobras did not readjust the price of cooking gas.
Was ICMS the problem?
Petrobras’ adjustment comes days after the National Congress approved a bill to limit the Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Services (ICMS) on fuel. The bill, which is awaiting sanction from President Bolsonaro, establishes that states can charge a maximum tax rate of 17% on gasoline and diesel, for example. Today, there are states that charge up to 30%.
:: Chamber approves ICMS limit on fuel; project goes to sanction ::
The tax reduction was a bet by Bolsonaro to reduce the price of gasoline during the election period. Petrobras’ adjustment, especially in the case of diesel, tends to nullify any practical effect of this new law.
Editing: Felipe Mendes