The Legislative Assembly of São Paulo (Alesp) will be able to vote this Tuesday (28), urgently and without the agenda being included in the official diarythe Bill (PL) that creates the State Land Regularization Program.
O PL 277/2022 is authored, among others, by deputy Vinicius Camarinha (PSDB), the leader of the state government in Alesp. The text authorizes the government, through the State Treasury Department, to carry out the land tenure regularization of public lands, granting titles in areas above 15 modules.
For the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST), what the project institutes is the legalization of land grabbing, as it foresees that up to 1 million hectares of vacant public lands in the state of São Paulo will be transferred to farmers and companies in the agribusiness. Most of them are in the Pontal do Paranapanema region.
Today, according to State Law 4,957, the São Paulo government has the duty to collect these areas, incorporate them into its public patrimony and allocate them to agrarian reform settlements.
“For me, agrarian reform is over”, says governor
In a note, the MST emphasizes that the settlements implanted in vacant areas in Pontal do Paranapanema, in the extreme west of the state of São Paulo, represented “historically a profound social and economic transformation in the region, improving socioeconomic indices”.
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This is not what the governor of São Paulo, Rodrigo Garcia (formerly DEM, now PSDB) thinks, who took office with the departure of João Doria (PSDB). A pre-candidate for reelection, he seeks to garner support from sectors such as agribusiness, which competes with pre-candidate Tarcísio de Freitas (Republicans), supported by Jair Bolsonaro (PL).
Rodrigo Garcia was in Pontal do Paranapanema in May and defended PL 277, saying that through it hundreds of rural properties will be regularized. “Agrarian reform did not work in Brazil”, stated: “And if it depends on me, it’s over”.
If the project is approved, says the MST, “the large unoccupied areas will be regularized for farmers and the Land Institute Foundation of the State of São Paulo (ITESP) will not collect another centimeter of land to establish settlements”.
In a context in which around 33 million people in Brazil are going hungry, this will mean, the movement warns, “a decrease in food production at the expense of the advancement of commodity production”.
Editing: Nicolau Soares