The human rights organization Amnesty International said that the Ukrainian military, which is holding back the Russian invasion, endangers the civilian population by establishing bases and placing weapons in schools and hospitals.
The human rights organization Amnesty International released a report in which it claims that the Ukrainian military endangers the civilian population, as they say, they create bases in residential areas, hospitals, schools and near granaries. Ukrainian politicians, diplomats and bloggers almost unanimously condemned the conclusions of human rights activists. The authors of the report are accused of knowingly or unintentionally playing along with Russian propaganda.
What the report says
“Ukraine’s tactics violated international humanitarian law by turning civilian targets into military targets. The ensuing Russian strikes on populated areas killed civilians and destroyed civilian infrastructure,” the report says.
From April to July, experts from the human rights organization inspected the sites of Russian strikes in the Kharkiv and Mykolaiv regions and in the Donbas – they interviewed survivors and witnesses and studied satellite images.
It is noted that in the course of this analysis, human rights activists found evidence that “Ukrainian forces attacked from residential areas, and were also based in residential buildings in 19 cities and villages of the regions.”
According to an Amnesty International report, “most of the residential areas where the soldiers were stationed were within a few miles of the front lines, and there were viable alternatives that would not endanger civilians, such as military bases, dense forests, or other buildings further away from residential areas.” districts”.
At the same time, Amnesty International said that they are not aware that in documented cases, the military asked for or helped with the evacuation of civilians from neighboring buildings in order to minimize civilian casualties.
The human rights organization noted that 22 of the 29 schools it visited in the Donbass and in the Mykolaiv region housed either the personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine or Ukrainian military equipment and weapons.
“Being in a defensive position does not exempt the Ukrainian military from complying with international humanitarian law. The military should never use hospitals to participate in hostilities and should only use schools or civilian homes as a last resort when there are no alternatives. The government of Ukraine should immediately ensure the deployment of its forces away from populated areas or to evacuate civilians from areas where the military operates,” said Agnes Calamar, Secretary General of Amnesty International.
At the same time, human rights activists emphasized that the practice of the Ukrainian military to deploy military targets within the boundaries of settlements in no way justifies indiscriminate Russian attacks.
The Office of the President stated that only the Russian army threatens the lives of Ukrainians, and Amnesty International’s statements are nothing more than participation in Russia’s discrediting campaign against Ukraine.
“Today, Russia is making every effort to discredit the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the eyes of Western societies and disrupt the supply of weapons using its entire network of agents of influence. It is a pity that an organization like Amnesty International is participating in this disinformation and propaganda campaign,” he said. adviser to the head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Mykhailo Podolyak.
The representative of the OP stressed that “the only thing that poses a threat to the lives of Ukrainians is the Russian army of executioners and rapists, which came to Ukraine to commit genocide.”
Podolyak stressed that Ukrainian defenders protect their people and families.
“The life of people for Ukraine is an absolute priority, which is why we are evacuating residents of front-line cities,” Podolyak summed up.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba, in turn, said he was outraged by Amnesty International’s statement and considered it unfair.
“This behavior of Amnesty International is not about finding and bringing the truth to the world. It is about creating a false balance between the perpetrator and the victim, between a country that destroys thousands of civilians and entire cities, and a country that desperately defends itself, saving its people and an entire continent. from this invasion. Stop creating a fake reality where everyone is a little to blame for something. Get busy telling the truth about what Russia is today,” Kuleba stressed.
Defense Minister Aleksey Reznikov assures on his Facebook that he will not allow “violating our army”. “Any attempts to question the right of Ukrainians to resist genocide, to protect their families and homes, their lives and the lives of their children, to oppose the actions of Russia as a terrorist state is a perversion, no matter what legal constructions mask it. Any attempt, even casually, to equate unprovoked Russian aggression and Ukrainian self-defense, as was done in the Amnesty International material, is evidence of a loss of adequacy and a way to destroy one’s authority,” Reznikov said.