Minister Alexandre de Moraes assumes, on Tuesday night (16), the presidency of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), where he will stay until June 2024. He will have as deputy Minister Ricardo Lewandowski, who remains in office until retirement. compulsory in May 2023.
The inauguration ceremony, which will be attended by a series of authorities, has already confirmed the names of former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT), Ciro Gomes (PDT) and Jair Bolsonaro (PL), all of whom are candidates for the President of the Republic for the quadrennium 2023-2026.
The arrival of Moraes to the command of the Court coincides with the beginning of the electoral campaign, which started this Tuesday, when the alert in the country is expanded in the face of a series of challenges that the administration will face.
The minister will take office amidst the climate of instability generated by the well-known institutional crisis, permanently established and fueled by President Jair Bolsonaro (PL), who continues to attack the Judiciary.
As the chairman of the survey of fake news in the Federal Supreme Court (STF), Moraes has been the former captain’s main target in the attacks that constantly shake the relationship between the Executive and Judiciary actors.
The magistrate will command the TSE during the next election amid a scenario marked not only by attacks on the credibility of electronic voting machines by Bolsonaro and supporters, but also by the wave of fake news that has taken over the country in recent years and even in the face of the risks of an escalation of political violence, a striking element of the intense polarization of the electoral game.
Coup threats and the 7th of September
Also in the atmosphere of the future Moraes administration are the chances of contesting the result of the presidential election, according to the different nods that have been given by Bolsonaro. The climate is already felt and projected, for example, among congressmen. According to a sample survey carried out by the portal Congress in Focus and released in mid-July, more than 54% of deputies and senators consider a coup adventure by the current president to be “highly probable”.
The fear is that the former captain, averse to the liturgy that governs the good relationship between the three powers, will start a revolt in Brazil similar to what happened in the United States when Donald Trump lost the 2020 election to Joe Biden. The movement that took place in the country had as a practical effect the invasion of the Capitol, the seat of the US Legislative Power, a conflict that ended with five deaths.
Moraes’ inauguration in the TSE also takes place in the vicinity of the September 7 commemorations, when Bolsonaro will head an official parade to be held in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and to which all the attention of the political world will be turned. It is not known if the president, who is losing in all opinion polls to Lula, will equalize the tone of the speeches and avoid further confrontations or if he will go for new attacks.
Regardless of what the president chooses in his next political steps, the tendency is for Bolsonaro to come across an Alexandre de Moraes who is not very complacent. On June 14, when he was elected to head the Electoral Court, the minister waved harshly when he stated that the “Electoral Justice will not tolerate that militias, personal or digital, disrespect the sovereign will of the people and attack democracy in Brazil”.
An important branch of the Judiciary in the country, the TSE has the function of organizing the entire electoral process, so it encompasses demands such as electoral enlistment, voting, vote counting, among others. The Court’s main attribution is, therefore, to guarantee respect for the popular will, materialized, for example, in the diplomacy of those who are elected to the different positions in question.
The Court is the highest body of the institutional umbrella that encompasses the TSE, the regional electoral courts, the electoral judges and the electoral boards. The court is composed of at least seven members, three of whom are ministers of the STF, two ministers of the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) and two lawyers appointed by the Supreme and appointed by the President of the Republic as ministers.
Editing: Glauco Faria