Officially, as of this Tuesday (16) the electoral campaign begins, with a view to the first round of elections, which will take place on October 2 this year. That’s why it’s important that you, the voter, keep an eye on the rules and know what can and cannot be done until the eve of the first round.
After the end of the registration of candidacies, which took place this last Monday (15), sound cars, rallies, distribution of pamphlets, saints and stickers, as well as advertisements in newspapers and periodicals and electoral propaganda, including on the internet, will be in the day to day. of Brazilians.
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However, the free and mandatory election time broadcast on radio and television is scheduled to start on the 26th of August and should run until the 30th of September.
It is important to know that the law establishes that any act of party or electoral propaganda, in an open or closed environment, does not depend on a police license to occur. Even so, the candidate, political party, federation or coalition that promotes the event must make a report to the police authority at least 24 hours before.
O Brazil de facto made an overview of the electoral rules for the campaign period, based on the electoral calendar released by Superior Electoral Court and makes it available here for you to be aware of. If you notice any irregularities, you can make a complaint by clicking on this link and Attorney General’s Office.
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Propaganda on the internet
A novelty of Elections 2022 is the possibility of boosting content and posts on the internet. However, only companies registered with the Electoral Court will be able to do this, since, to avoid fraud, it is necessary to identify who contracted the services, which must be done exclusively by parties, federations, coalitions, candidates or their legal representatives.
But boosted content doesn’t mean mass-fired content. That is, sending messages through applications such as WhatsApp and Telegram, as occurred in the 2018 elections, cannot be done.
Hiring individuals or legal entities to promote and promote campaign content on their profiles, pages and channels is also prohibited.
Telemarketing campaigning? Can not
Electoral advertising through calls made by telemarketing companies, at any time, as well as text messages, for example, are also prohibited by law.
Keeping an eye on fake news
It is prohibited to broadcast and share fake news, as well as facts that are known to be untrue or seriously out of context. This law has been updated so that voters are not the target of misinformation and so that the integrity of the electoral process can be guaranteed.
It is important to note that intentionally spread lies aimed at harming the voting, counting and counting processes may be punished on the basis of criminal liability, misuse of the media and abuse of power.
Incitement to hatred cannot
The carrying out of slander, injury and defamation of any person, as well as bodies or entities that exercise public authority is prohibited. Depreciating and belittling the other for their sexual orientation, color, race or ethnicity is also prohibited in campaign pieces.
Electoral propaganda also cannot arouse disagreements and stir up tempers between the Armed Forces and the population.
Rally yes, showmice no
Until September 29, that is, three days before the first shift, rallies with fixed sound systems are allowed, between 8 am and midnight. This means that the use of electric trios in motion is prohibited, unless they are used for the sound of a rally in a fixed location. The time of the event can be extended by up to two hours, according to the legislation, in the case of a campaign closing rally.
However, concerts and similar events that bring together candidates and artists are still prohibited, even if the artists are not remunerated.
hello hello neighborhood
Loudspeakers or amplifiers are allowed until October 1st and must respect the hours between 8:00 and 22:00, provided for in the legislation.
A minimum distance of 200 meters must be respected from the headquarters of the Executive and Legislative Powers of the Union, States, Federal District and Municipalities, as well as from the Judicial Courts; barracks and other military establishments; hospitals and nursing homes; and from schools, public libraries, churches and theaters when they are in operation.
Flyers, sound and people on the street
Until 10 pm on the eve of the election, which takes place on October 2, the distribution of graphic material is allowed. Walks, marches, motorcades and other forms of street campaigns, with or without sound, also follow the same legislation.
Each candidate is limited to publishing up to 10 announcements per communication vehicle made on different dates. Paid advertisements broadcast in print newspapers, magazines and on the internet can be made until September 30th.
Advertising on billboards and illuminated signs is not permitted. In vehicles, it is only allowed to place ‘micro-perforated’ stickers on the rear windshield. In other parts of the vehicle, the stickers must be up to half a square meter.
Gifts and gifts are not
According to the legislation, the dissemination of material that offers, promises or requests financial values or advantages of any nature to voters is prohibited.
During the electoral campaign, it is prohibited to make, use and distribute gifts such as t-shirts, key chains, caps and pens by committees or candidates. Basic baskets, clothes or any other product that could give voters an advantage are also prohibited.
Keeping an eye on the smart ones
Those candidates seeking re-election will not be able to use official means related to their positions to campaign. This goes against the isonomy of the electoral process and ends up privileging those who already hold the position that is in dispute.
According to the law, the publicity of acts, programs, works, services and campaigns of public agencies must have an educational, informative or social orientation character, as has already been happening in the pre-campaign period.
If the person responsible for the irregular publication is the candidate, the registration of his candidacy may be cancelled.
Editing: Vivian Virissimo