Rio de Janeiro showed a drop in the value of foods that make up the basic basket in February, according to data from the Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (Dieese), in the National Survey of the Basic Food Basket. The variation in the capital was -3.15%.
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In addition to the Rio de Janeiro capital, 12 of the 17 other capitals where Dieese carries out the monthly survey also had a reduction in the value of the basic food basket. Between January and February 2023, the most important reductions occurred in Belo Horizonte (-3.97%), Rio de Janeiro (-3.15%), Campo Grande (-3.12%), Curitiba (-2.34 %) and Vitória (-2.34%). Increases were observed in four capitals in the North and Northeast: Belém (1.25%), Natal (0.64%), Salvador (0.34%) and João Pessoa (0.01%).
The capitals with the most expensive basket were: São Paulo (R$ 779.38), Florianópolis (R$ 746.95), Rio de Janeiro (R$ 745.96) and Porto Alegre (R$ 741.30). In the cities of the North and Northeast, where the composition of the basket is different, the lowest average values were registered in Aracaju (R$ 552.97), Salvador (R$ 596.88) and João Pessoa (R$ 600.10) .
high in one year
Between February 2022 and February 2023, the comparison of values showed that the basket increased in all capitals, with variations that fluctuated between 3.91%, in Vitória, and 15.33%, in Belém. In the first two months of the year, the cost of a set of basic foodstuffs increased in seven cities, with emphasis on the variations registered in Recife (7.40%), Natal (7.15%), João Pessoa (6.81% ) and Aracaju (6.13%). The most important falls occurred in Campo Grande (-3.26%) and Porto Alegre (-3.18%).
Based on the most expensive basket, which, in February, was that of São Paulo, and taking into account the constitutional determination that establishes that the minimum wage must be sufficient to meet the expenses of a worker and his family with food,
housing, health, education, clothing, hygiene, transportation, leisure and social security, Dieese monthly estimates the value of the minimum wage required.
In February 2023, the minimum wage needed to support a family of four should have been R$6,547.58, or 5.03 times the minimum wage adjusted to R$1,302.00. In January, the required amount was R$ 6,641.58 and corresponded to 5.10 times the minimum floor. In February 2022, the minimum required should have been BRL 6,012.18 or 4.96 times the amount in effect at the time, which was BRL 1,212.00.
Source: BdF Rio de Janeiro
Editing: Eduardo Miranda
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