This Tuesday (8) begins the Amazon Summit, a meeting of heads of state from the eight Amazonian countries to discuss measures to protect the biome. The event runs until this Wednesday (9).
In addition to Lula (PT), the presidents of Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela are also in Belém (PA). Ecuador and Suriname chose to send representatives.
The meeting will result in the Declaration of Belém, a joint document that will stipulate socio-environmental commitments for the Member States of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO), in addition to establishing measures for the institutional strengthening of ACTO. The document should be released on Tuesday (8).
The consensus among the countries should be to avoid the “point of no return” in the Amazon – when the biome will be so degraded that it will no longer be able to regenerate.
Another point that should be included in the final declaration is the institutionalization of the Amazonian Parliament, which has been meeting since 2020.
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The international treaty must leave out sensitive points for the social movements that attended the Amazon Dialogues, an event that preceded the Summit, also held in Belém. Among them, the exploitation of fossil fuels, which cause global warming, and the demarcation of indigenous lands, topics that divide ACTO member countries.
The Amazon Summit ends on Wednesday (9), when the heads of state meet representatives of developing countries with tropical forests from other regions of the world. Among them are the Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Indonesia, as well as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, a Caribbean country that presides over the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).
At the meetings, Itamaraty intends to explore convergences and start building positions that could be the object of multilateral agreements, such as COP-28.
Editing: Rodrigo Chagas