Presented as an edition aimed at women, this protagonism and theme naturally materialized at the 51st Gramado Film Festival, which ended early on Sunday (20). But this year, black, indigenous, LGBT, social and political cinema were also highlighted.
Among the north of the narratives, the issue of memory and cultural heritage were widely addressed, bringing perspectives to a struggle for the preservation of Brazilian history and regional identities. The threat of capital continues, unfortunately, to be the focus of national cinema, as real estate speculation, large enterprises and monoculture agribusiness go beyond the limits of heritage sites by culture agencies, urban master plans and even trample environmental licensing.
:: Black, LGBT and indigenous cinema wins Short Film Festival in Gramado ::
Narrating the life trajectory of Antônio Carlos Bernardes Gomes, Mussum, who became nationally famous with Os Trapalhões, the big winner of the event, with six Kikitos, was “Mussum, O Filmis”, directed by Silvio Guindane, which opens in theaters movie theaters on November 2nd.
The awards night, at the Palácio dos Festivais, also enshrined two other feature films, “Tia Virgínia” (with five awards) and the Cearense “More Heavier is Heaven”, which took four distinctions.
The São Paulo documentary “Anhangabaú”, by Lufe Bollini from Porto Alegre, and the feature film from Rio Grande do Sul “Hamlet”, by Bajeense filmmaker Zeca Brito, were the best films in their competitive screenings.
The Critics Award, given by Bruna Haas, from the Association of Critics of Rio Grande do Sul (ACCIRS), went to the feature by Fábio Meira, starring Vera Holtz: “The feature film that most captivated the critics jury was distinguished for an impressive coherence between the performances, the art direction and the dynamics between the characters, in the same space, at the same time. Capable of provoking a deep identification with the spectator, based on the timeless portrait of a family nucleus, the film represents a potent circle of affections”. The actress was also honored with the book by ACCIRS, 50 Critical Views on Cinema Gaúcho (2022).
Awarded as best actress and best actor, Vera Holtz, for “Tia Virgínia”, and Ailton Graça, for “Mussum, O Filmis”, exchanged compliments on stage. Vera thanked the directors and producers, Fábio Meira and Janaína Diniz. “Thank you to my fictional sisters, Arlete Salles and Louise Cardoso, and to my sisters, Regina, Rosa and Teresa, who have already left us”, and then make the public recite verses by Mario Quintana.
Ailton recalled his humble childhood, where only one neighbor had a television and he kept listening to the voices and imagining that everyone was black. “This is the first time I’m receiving an award, and it started when I was a kid and my mother asked my brother and me what we wanted to be. I said teamster, lawyer, agronomist, scientist, teacher… and being an actor I can be all of these”, he celebrated.
Also present at the ceremony, as part of the cast, Mussunzinho, son of Mussum, highlighted the importance of this biopic having been produced, for being able to use the film to, in a few years, show his son the trajectory of his grandfather.
Among the feature films from Rio Grande do Sul, the highlight was the film “Hamlet”, which won five Kikitos: best film, best direction, best actor for Fredericco Restori, best photography and best editing.
:: Second film about the pampa premieres at a competitive exhibition in Gramado ::
“Surviventes do Pampa”, by Rogério Rodrigues, won the Popular Jury Kikito. The moment was one of celebration at the Palácio dos Festivais, with the possibility of speaking on stage by Mariglei Dias and Fernando Aristimunho, from the Committee of the Traditional Peoples and Communities of the Pampa, in the ceremony broadcast throughout the country by Canal Brasil.
The road movie documentary traveled three thousand kilometers, with testimonies recorded in 12 municipalities in the state, to practice the active listening highlighted by Aristimunho, to explore the social and environmental identities of the territory of the Pampa biome. The production was financed by the 2019 Pro-Cultura RS public notice.
“I think this festival was a festival of a lot of reflection, of thinking about what is essential. Léa Garcia, who stopped by to show us that a filmography can serve to open doors for many people”, evaluated filmmaker Zeca Brito, upon receiving one of his trophies.
During this week, Brasil de Fato will publish a report on “Anhangabaú”, a rich documentary made with most of the team from Rio Grande do Sul, and an exclusive interview with Zeca Brito, held during the event in Serra Gaúcha.
Time and space to discuss cultural policies for Brazilian audiovisual
Another issue that was frequently discussed during the 51st Gramado Film Festival, since its official opening with the presence of Minister Margareth Menezes and the head of the National Audiovisual Secretariat, Joelma Oliveira Gonzaga, was the commemoration of the recreation of the Ministry of Culture in this government . In fact, the national contribution of funds via the National Incentive Law (sponsored by Banco do Brasil) was decisive in ensuring the holding of the cinematographic event in Serra Gaúcha this year – since the festival cannot count on the support of LIC/RS in 2023.
Thus, another recurring theme during the week was the class’s appeal for the Screen Quota Law to be sanctioned by the presidency. In addition to the minister herself bringing this up in her opening speech at the event, actor Silvio Guindane, director of “Mussum, O Filmis”, on the award night (19), reinforced the importance of PL 3696/2023. Before him, on Thursday (17th), Ingrid Guimarães, recognized for her popular cinema and honored with the Cinema de Gramado Trophy, also explained the need to renew, until 2043, the obligation of cinemas to show national feature films. , respecting the minimum number of sessions, days and times. The bill is pending in the Senate.
Every year, a Letter from Gramado is drawn up, signed by the cinematographic entities involved with the event. It was read on stage at the Palácio dos Festivais by Marise Farias, before the screening of the documentary about her father, “Roberto Farias – Memórias de um Cineasta”, on Wednesday night (16). In addition to Brazilian Content Quotas in cinemas and pay-TV, the document also defines two other legal frameworks: fair remuneration for Copyright and VOD (Video On Demand) Regulation, to ensure the presence and prominence of independent Brazilian titles in catalogs. of the platforms.
“Let’s live a true spring of Brazilian Culture and Audiovisual”
Mari Martinez, from the MinC/RS Office, was in the first days of the event in Serra and contextualized this moment of great resumption of cultural policies. “It is a strategic look at Audiovisual as a sector for economic and social development and also to bring quality of life to people who have access to Culture”, she evaluated.
She highlighted the contribution of BRL 95 million from the Paulo Gustavo Law to the state alone: “A large part of these resources, which go to all municipalities, is for the opening of movie theaters and for productions. So, let’s live a true spring of Brazilian Culture and Audiovisual. There will be decentralization of these resources for black people, LGBTQIA+ and for women, who are strong powers for culture and audiovisual, but need to have this strategic look of being prioritized in this reparation that cultural policies are committed to doing. All edicts now have affirmative action. The Ministry of Culture is committed to supporting this creative potential of Brazil’s diversity”.
:: Actress Lea Garcia dies in Gramado, where she would receive homage ::
Upon receiving 5 Kikitos at the Mostra dos Longas Gaúchos award, Bajean filmmaker Zeca Brito, former director of the State Institute of Cinema (Iecine), celebrated, asking his actor, Fred Restori, with a phrase from “Hamlet” (Shakespeare): “The rest is silence? No, the rest is Carnival. Let’s have Carnival and party, and Antropofagia unites us, and joy is the test of nine. And we live in Lula’s Brazil! Long live President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva! Long live the Brazilian Audiovisual, which will be discontinued! With the Sectorial Fund, every Brazilian municipality will make cinema, thanks to the capillarization of resources”.
Boos for Havan, sponsor of the festival
In addition to the widespread commotion and general shock caused by the loss of actress Léa Garcia during the event, remembered and honored in the “In Memoriam” section of the closing ceremony, another fact to be highlighted in this final evaluation of coverage is the collective strength of manifestation. Havan was one of the sponsors of this edition, information that began to generate discomfort in the artistic class even before the start of the festival, including discussions about boycotts.
Every time the brand was mentioned by the presenters or the vignette was shown on the screen before the sessions, the public present would emit loud boos. After the screening of “A happy family”, a film by José Eduardo Belmonte with performances by Grazi Massafera and Reynaldo Gianecchini and a script by Raphael Montes (and, therefore, the most disputed night of the entire event, Wednesday, 16), the mention of Havan simply came out of the ceremonial of the event. What was said behind the scenes at Serra is that the withdrawal request came from the management of the company itself.
Check out the full list of winners among the features:
Brazilian Feature Films
Best Film: “Mussum, O Filmis”, by Silvio Guindane
Best Director: Petrus Cariry, “Heavier Is the Sky”
Best actor: Ailton Graça, for “Mussum, O Filmis”
Best Actress: Vera Holtz, “Aunt Virginia”
Best Screenplay: Fábio Meira, for “Tia Virgínia”
Best Cinematography: Petrus Cariry, for “Heavier is the Sky”
Best Editing: Firmino Holanda and Petrus Cariry, for “More Heavy is the Sky”
Best Musical Score: Max de Castro, for “Mussum, O Filmis”
Best Art Direction: Ana Mara Abreu, for “Tia Virgínia”
Best Supporting Actress: Neusa Borges, for “Mussum, O Filmis”
Best Supporting Actor: Yuri Marçal, “Mussum, O Filmis”
Best Sound Design: Rubem Valdés, for “Tia Virgínia”
Special Jury Prize: Ana Luiza Rios for “More Heavier is Heaven”
Honorable Mention: Vera Valdez, for “Aunt Virginia”
Honorable Mention: Martin Macias Trujillo, for “Mussum, O Filmis”
Critics Jury: “Tia Virgínia”, by Fábio Meira
Popular Jury: “Mussum, O Filmis”, by Silvio Guindane
Best documentary: “Anhangabaú” (SP), by Lufe Bollini
SEDAC/IECINE Gaucho Feature Film Award
Best Film: “Hamlet”, by Zeca Brito
Best Director: Zeca Brito, for “Hamlet”
Best Actor: Fredericco Restori, for “Hamlet”
Best actress: Carol Martins, for “O Acidente”
Best screenplay: Marcelo Ilha Bordin and Bruno Carboni, from “O Acidente”
Best Cinematography: Bruno Polidoro, Joba Migliorin, Lívia Pasqual and Zeca Brito, for “Hamlet”
Best Art Direction: Richard Tavares, “O Acidente”
Best Editing: Jardel Machado Hermes, from “Hamlet”
Best Sound Design: Kiko Ferraz, Ricardo Costa and Cristian Vaz, for “Céu Aberto”
Best Musical Score: Rita Zart and Bruno Mad, for “Céu Aberto”
Popular Jury: “Survivors of the Pampa”, by Rogério Rodrigues
Source: BdF Rio Grande do Sul
Editing: Katia Marko