“We are in a time of profound change. In which our Latin American and Caribbean region, once again, faces the great dilemma of two political projects”. This is how Peruvian political scientist Mónica Bruckmann began the panel that kicked off, this Saturday (2), the Dilemmas of Humanity Regional Conference, in Santiago, Chile.
“That of sovereignty, of the possibility of thinking about the future based on our own visions and development projects. And the threat of far-right movements, deeply violent, retrograde and reactionary”, introduced Bruckmann.
In his view, the planet is going through the biggest economic reorganization since the Second World War. “There has never been such a strong presence of Southern countries in the world economy. And at this moment they are in a position not to submit to the dynamics of capital accumulation organized by the North”, stated Mónica Bruckmann, mentioning the increase in countries that will join the Brics.
Organized by Alba Movimentos and the International Assembly of Peoples (AIP), this is the Latin American and Caribbean stage which, together with other conferences in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America, are part of the preparatory process for the III International Conference Dilemmas of Humanity. The global event will be in October in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The regional conference in Santiago continues until next Monday (4) and brings together around 230 people from popular movements, unions and political parties from 23 countries. Among them, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Cuba and Venezuela.
Through activities such as debates, discussion groups and book launches, the event aims to discuss the current challenges for the organization and the emancipatory struggles of people and exchange concrete socialist experiences.
“Perhaps we have given too much space to conciliatory, centrist speeches that do not tension, believing that this can allow an accumulation of forces. But history shows the opposite”, says Laura Capote, from the secretariat of Alba Movimentos and the Marcha Patriotica de Colombia.
“We are living in a moment in which neo-fascism and new rights are radicalizing. And we, then, have to be available to radicalize our project, a humanist, transformative project, which overcomes the civilizational crisis we are in”, says Capote.
“Our America Today”
“Let us remember Allende”, introduced writer and sociologist Héctor Béjar, also from Peru, in the panel on the political situation on the continent. “Let us remember the stadium,” he said, as the conference takes place within the 50th anniversary of the Chilean military coup. It was there, in Chile’s National Stadium, that Pinochet’s dictatorship arrested around 40,000 people and executed approximately 400.
:: ‘It’s been 50 years and still no justice has been done’, familiar snake of those disappeared during the Chilean dictatorship ::
“Around the 1970s, the US government and Latin American oligarchies tried to exterminate us. And we are here. The children and grandchildren are here. The new generations. And this shows that the extermination policy has failed. This September 11th, we will celebrate the failure of the extermination policy”, stated Béjar.
“But that doesn’t mean it’s over. We still have some tasks”, he added. The Peruvian thinker defended that not only should the violence and torture systematically practiced by state security forces in all countries in the region be denounced, but also that the protocols and those behind this technique should be investigated. “It is our task to discover and disarm this world”, he argued.
Citing mainly the continent’s progressive and revolutionary governments, Héctor Béjar listed what he considers pending agendas: confronting racism, agrarian and urban reforms and food sovereignty.
“We have to take into account major social changes. The great working class of the 19th century has been replaced. Now the world proletariat is made up of migrants, exiles, refugees, evicted and precarious people”, she assessed, citing delivery drivers who work 12 hours a day on a motorbike. “We have to talk and coordinate with this gigantic precariat. It’s one of our biggest challenges,” she said.
Editing: Raquel Setz