A study by the Mobility and Social Development Institute shows that the majority of children and adolescents who benefit from Bolsa Família no longer depend on the funds in adulthood. The survey analyzed the situation of dependent beneficiaries aged between 7 and 16 in 2005. In 2019, 14 years later, only 20% continued to receive government aid.
To talk about this data, the Central do Brasil program this Wednesday (13) spoke with economist and doctor in history Pedro Faria.
According to Faria, income transfer encourages family autonomy, allowing people to have income stability and thus be free from economic pressure. “The person who receives Bolsa Família, contrary to this myth of the person who sits on the sidelines, will have resources to pay for a ticket, to go and look for a job, for example in an urban center. It’s the benefit of autonomy.”
Anyone who receives Bolsa Família, according to the expert, is not necessarily unemployed. “The person has an intermittent income, has an informal job and this allows them to organize their expenses, plan a future, dedicate time to their children, alleviate pressures that they may suffer from an exploitative job offer. The education factor was also very important for this social improvement and one of the rules for receiving Bolsa Família is precisely to keep your children in school”, he explains.
The program has historically been a fundamental tool for overcoming extreme poverty, but it is necessary to take the next step with complementary policies, such as employment, says the economist. “A quality job that pays well involves macroeconomic issues such as reindustrialization, a low unemployment rate, educational policies that guarantee stability at school and for beneficiaries who access public universities, there is a student retention policy. There are several policies complementary programs that will build an ecosystem to overcome poverty together with Bolsa Família”, he stated.
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Central do Brasil is a production of Brasil de Fato. The program is shown from Monday to Friday, live, always at 1pm, on Rede TVT and partner broadcasters
Editing: Thalita Pires