The heat wave has arrived in the country, and many states in the country are already recording summer temperatures in the last days of winter. Health risks are heightened by low humidity, which mainly affects the Central-West, Southeast and South regions. With these factors combined, it is essential to protect yourself to minimize health risks.
Public health and civil defense services list a series of tips and guidelines for those in places where heat and dry weather occur at the same time. The main thing is to keep your hydration up to date, if possible drinking more water than usual. In addition to water, natural juices and coconut water are recommended. A good tip is to carry a bottle to replace liquids when you are out and about.
Lip moisturizers and body creams are also recommended to prevent dry mouth and skin. In cases of extreme heat and dryness, the suggestion is to use saline solution to moisturize the eyes and nostrils.
The ideal is to avoid being directly exposed to heat and dry weather, which is not always possible. Anyone who needs to go out, especially during the hottest times of the day, should wear light clothing and look for extra protection, such as a hat or cap, in addition to sunscreen. Physical activities during the hottest times of the day should be suspended, or at least reduced.
Indoors or at work, humidifiers are welcome. Those who do not have the device can leave buckets or basins filled with water or wet cloths indoors to increase air humidity.
Special care must be taken with children and elderly people, who feel the effects of heat first. Whenever possible, these people should be protected from direct sunlight, especially during the hottest periods of the day, between 10 am and 3 pm, as their skin is more sensitive.
Even with all precautions, it is essential to pay attention to some signs that may indicate problems caused by extreme heat, such as dry mouth and skin, dizziness, weakness, headaches, mental confusion, loss of consciousness and a feeling of increased pulse rate. In these cases, the recommendation is to seek care at basic health units, which, in certain situations, may refer the person to more complex services.
Editing: Thalita Pires