The Constitution and Justice Committee (CCJ) in the Senate should accelerate the processing of the time frame proposal from this Wednesday (20), when the opinion of the rapporteur, senator Marcos Rogério (PL-RO) is scheduled to be read. The date is the same on which the Federal Supreme Court (STF) returns to judge the issue, which so far has a score of four to two to reject the ruralist thesis.
The agricultural bench’s strategy is to try to approve the project in the House before the Court concludes its analysis of the case, in order to make the eventual approval of the text by the Legislature have greater weight given the controversy surrounding the issue.
The authorization for the matter to be discussed at the CCJ this Wednesday came from the president of the collegiate, Davi Alcolumbre (União-AP), who is traveling to accompany President Lula’s (PT) delegation at the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). ), in the United States. Behind the scenes, parliamentarians calculate that after reading the opinion, the commission will receive a request for a review from senators critical of the time frame, which could push the vote on the proposal to next week or even later, depending on the conditions of the political game.
Marcos Rogério, who is also vice-president of the CCJ, presented a text in favor of making the ruralist thesis official and so far has not accepted suggestions for changes to the report. The text reproduces the line of the opinion already approved by the Chamber of Deputies. The content of the PL is not unanimous in the House. The president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD-MG), for example, has defended the removal of points from the text that are outside the debate on the time frame. This is the case of the section that allows contact with isolated peoples, one of the most controversial in the PL. The proposal also brings other controversial aspects, such as authorization for the planting of transgenics and mining in indigenous areas.
If it is changed by the Senate at any stage of the processing, the project will have to return for evaluation by the deputies. The proposal is being processed as Bill (PL) 2903/2023 and received approval from the Chamber plenary on May 30. It was subsequently approved by the Senate’s Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Committee (CRA) in August.
The time frame thesis establishes the understanding that indigenous people should only have the right to land that they were occupying or disputing on the date the 1988 Federal Constitution was promulgated. The proposal has been harshly criticized by indigenous people, jurists, and environmental defense entities. and different other political and social actors in recent years, when the debate on the subject grew. For the segment, the understanding that traditional communities have an original right to their areas must prevail due to the fact that they have already populated Brazilian soil since before the advent of colonization.
Editing: Thalita Pires