The new edition of the Inequality Map presents 40 indicators that portray different aspects of living conditions in the 22 municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. The research shows that around 50% of the population in this region lives on less than the minimum wage, that is, they have an income of less than R$1,320 per month.
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The launch of the document took place last week during the 1st Citizen Data Generation Seminar, held in the Maré favela, north of Rio, with the presence of civil society organizations and groups.
According to Casa Fluminense, cuts and delays in the Demographic Census, and the dismantling of public research bodies, made data collection difficult. Therefore, the organization that has been debating public policies to reduce inequalities in Rio for 10 years analyzed 23 government and business databases, as well as access requests via the Access to Information Law (LAI) for the production of the Map.
The publication is divided by four justices: racial, gender, economic and climate. These themes cross all public policy agendas such as education, health, security, among others.
Maps are also presented on the burden of the tariff on workers’ pockets, gender-based violence, debt, overload at Social Assistance Reference Centers (Cras), the cost of suspended public works and a series of other topics. Access the full research at this link.
Check out some indicators:
Last year, 3,584 shootings and 51 massacres were recorded in the metropolitan region. Of the total, 41 of them were due to police operations. The capital held the record for both types of occurrences. Under the government of Claudio Castro (PL), 3 of the 5 most lethal massacres in the state’s history took place.
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Of the 1,169 deaths caused by State agent intervention, 919 of the victims were black. In 14 municipalities, more than 80% of people murdered in State actions were black, reaching the total in five municipalities. Between 2019 and 2022, this scenario worsened in 10 municipalities.
Twelve municipalities in the metropolitan region of Rio have sewage collection and treatment rates below 5%. Compared to the last Inequality Map, the number of municipalities without sewage collection and treatment rose from eight to nine. Only Niterói reached 100% of its population with sewage treatment.
Of the 22 municipalities in the Metropolitan Region, seven cover less than 50% of the population in the SUS Primary Care service. One in four pregnant women does not have the minimum number of prenatal consultations.
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The worst rates are in Japeri and Tanguá, where the percentage more than doubled between 2018 and 2022. The Ministry of Health recommends that at least six consultations be carried out throughout the entire pregnancy, due to its importance for health maternal and fetal.
In eight municipalities, the high school dropout rate exceeds the state average (6.3%) and the Brazilian average (6.5%). In 20 municipalities there is at least one public school without water, energy, sewage or food. In Nilópolis, around 14% of public schools do not have at least one of these basic services.
The municipalities of Maricá, Paracambi and Tanguá offer municipal bus lines at zero cost. On the other hand, in three years, 12 municipalities increased their tariffs. The highest was recorded in Guapimirim, with an increase of R$ 1.20 in the fare.
Women earn less than men in 16 municipalities. A white man receives, on average, R$2,713 more in formal employment in the Metropolitan Region of Rio. In the capital, this difference is even greater, reaching R$3,449.
Whites earn more than blacks in 21 municipalities. The difference in average salary is greater in the municipalities of Japeri and Rio de Janeiro, where white people earn R$1,000 and R$2,000 more, respectively.
More than half of the population of the state of Rio is in default. In June 2023, the state occupied first place in the Brazilian ranking, with 53% of Rio de Janeiro residents unable to pay their debts. More than 5 million people find themselves in this situation.
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In the metropolitan region, there are 2.2 million women in poverty or extreme poverty. Of these, around 1.6 million are black. In 14 municipalities the percentage of black women in these conditions is greater than 70%.
The most acute situations of poverty are among the black population and mothers who are heads of families, so black women are the most affected. They are also the majority in domestic and informal work.
There are more than 17 thousand homeless people registered with CadÚnico. Of these, around 13,500 are black. In 17 municipalities in the metropolis, for every four people living on the streets, three are black.
The CRAS overload throughout the Metropolitan Region doubled compared to the 2020 Inequality Map. In Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu and Rio de Janeiro the number of registered families is four times higher than the established capacity.
The black population represents the majority of the population in improvised homes in all municipalities in the Metropolitan Region. There are at least 239 thousand people living in this condition. Of these, 172 thousand are black.
More than 2 million people were affected by climate events due to heavy rains in 2021 and 2022 in the state. The Metropolitan Region concentrated 81% of these cases. Around 48,000 homes were damaged or destroyed as a result of these events.
Nova Iguaçu, in Baixada Fluminense, and Petrópolis, in the Serrana Region, concentrated the largest number of people affected.
Source: BdF Rio de Janeiro
Editing: Clívia Mesquita