An important decision will be made by Brazilian citizens this Sunday (1st), when new names will be defined to occupy guardianship councils across the country. The voting locations and the list of candidates can be consulted at the municipal councils for the Rights of Children and Adolescents in each city.
On the Election of the Year platform, it is possible to meet candidates committed to the Child and Adolescent Statute (ECA)
The election will be held from 8 am to 5 pm. In Minas Gerais, 382 municipalities use electronic voting machines in the process. In this case, voters registered until July 3, 2023 are eligible to vote. To vote, the documents required are CPF, original document with photo (physical or electronic) and proof of residence.
Young people between 16 and 17 years old can also vote. To do this, the same documents must be presented, with proof of residence associated with the name of the parents or legal guardians.
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The complete list of municipalities with electronic voting can be seen on the website of the Regional Electoral Court of Minas Gerais (TRE-MG).
The importance of a conscious vote
Created in 1990, with the publication of the Child and Adolescent Statute (ECA), guardianship councils play a strategic role in fulfilling the rights of children and adolescents.
For Adriana Goulart, professor at the Faculty of Law of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), the council must act whenever the rights of children and adolescents are threatened or violated by society, the State, parents and guardians.
She explains that, by law, councils are autonomous and permanent bodies that are part of local public administration. “Ensuring the operating conditions of these bodies and the training of counselors is essential. If we have counselors linked to churches, political parties, or issues of not realizing the rights of children and adolescents, all the beauty and scope of the councils disappears”, ponder.
In Belo Horizonte, around 40 thousand people voted in the last elections, in 2019, a low number compared to the city’s population, which has more than 2 million inhabitants. For this scenario to change, according to the teacher, it is important that there is greater awareness of what the guardianship council is and its importance for the effectiveness of the rights of children and adolescents.
An organization that works in this sense is the Front for the Defense of the Rights of Children and Adolescents of Minas Gerais, whose principle is the defense of democracy and popular participation in the promotion and defense of human rights. Its coordinator, psychologist and master in social sciences Cássia Vieira de Melo, says that among the actions of the Defense Front are the dissemination of correct content, the fight against false and distorted news about the role of councils, in addition to offering training and training actions.
However, according to Cássia, counselors face a series of challenges on a daily basis, such as the lack of labor rights, the need to expand the population’s knowledge regarding the topic, the lack of attention to counselors’ mental health, among others. others.
“The majority of counselors in Minas Gerais and Brazil go through many difficulties in their daily lives. In general, there are more challenges than eases. We think, as a Defense Front, that several aspects need to be improved”, argues Cássia.
Advancement of conservatism
Given the increase in conservatism in Brazil, elections for councils have been contested by right-wing and extreme-right groups.
“It is important to remember that the State is secular and that the actions of public and political agents must be guided by the law and by institutional and republican action, never by personal and moral convictions. Ethics and the law must be the guide in any performance of these agents”, points out Adriana Goulart.
According to Cássia, in addition to the ideologies that hover in social dynamics and relations, it is necessary that the elected councilors, who will be sworn in at the beginning of 2024, act as a team, fulfilling what is set out in the ECA. “That counselors are able to demonstrate that they know the legislation and are capable of acting as defenders of threatened or violated rights, without racism, misogyny and intolerance”, he highlights.
Source: BdF Minas Gerais
Editing: Larissa Costa