Amid important votes on the economic agenda in Congress scheduled for this week, such as tax reform, the federal government faces this Wednesday (8) the mobilization of federal public servants from different categories for salary adjustments and improvements in working conditions. The mobilization comes after six years of tense relations and delays in salary adjustments during the governments of Michel Temer and Jair Bolsonaro.
With calculations that indicate a gap of up to 53% for some categories since 2013, civil servant entities across the country are predicting strikes in the states for this fourth, in addition to events at the Esplanada dos Ministérios, in Brasília. The objective is to pressure parliamentarians and the Minister of Management and Innovation in Public Services, Esther Dweck, responsible for conducting salary and career discussions in the categories.
The categories also seek to show strength for the next round of negotiations, at the meeting of the National Permanent Negotiations Table, called by Dweck’s ministry for November 16th.
Since the beginning of the year, the government has maintained specific negotiation tables with periodic meetings to negotiate the demands of the federal public service categories, in addition to the permanent national table, with representatives from all categories. In a note, the Ministry of Management informed that 10 sectoral tables were created this year, to meet the specific situations of each area and reaffirmed its commitment to dialogue with all categories.
According to union leaders, however, until now the government has not presented a concrete response to the demands that were presented for inflation replacement. At the national table held in July, employees asked the government to replace salaries based on the accumulated inflation of recent years in payments divided into three annual installments, with the first to be paid in 2024.
Leaders claim that the government’s stance has caused outrage among civil servants. At the table held in August, the government stated that it would have reserved a total of R$1.5 billion in the 2024 budget to meet the demands of the federal public service. According to civil servants, this value would represent an adjustment of around 1% for civil servants.
In a note, the Ministry of Management stated that it promoted the first agreement between civil servants and the government since 2016, which resulted in a “linear adjustment of 9% granted to all federal public servants and an increase of 43.6% in aid -food: going from R$458.00 to R$658.00”, says the ministry in a note.
In addition, the ministry also signed agreements to structure specific civil service careers. In October, an agreement was signed with Funai employees to create a special plan for Funai positions and the indigenist career, which will consist of two positions: specialist in indigenism and technician in indigenism. In November, in turn, an agreement was signed to restructure the careers of the National Mining Agency, linked to the Ministry of Mines and Energy.
“The agreement establishes the restructuring of the careers and also of the Agency’s Special Position Plan. In this way, the remuneration of employees included in the careers and the Special Position Plan (PEC) will be equivalent to the remuneration of employees in the careers and PECs of the other regulatory agencies, and will take place in three installments: January 2024, January 2025 and January 2026”, says the Ministry of Management in a note.
Despite recognizing a significant improvement in the relationship with the federal government compared to previous administrations, civil servants have demanded a clearer response to their demands, which also include the revocation of Bolsonaro government measures.
“There was no dialogue in the last six years, from this point of view our relationship with the government has completely changed. Today we have a high-level relationship, the government calls us for dialogue, but now the base is starting to demand that this dialogue be effective and be converted into improvements in the working environment, organizational climate and remuneration improvements”, explains the president of the Permanent National Forum of Typical State Careers (Fonacate), Rudinei Marques.
The entity will hold a live broadcast starting at 2pm this Wednesday (8) so that employees across the country can follow the day of mobilizations and update themselves on conversations with the government. The entity, however, does not disclose what percentage of adjustment it will request for the categories. The entity represents employees who are among the highest-paid careers in civil service, such as employees at the Central Bank, the Federal Revenue Service, the Federal Attorney General’s Office and the Federal Comptroller General’s Office, among others.
“There is frustration on the one hand, and also indignation, we hope it turns into a feeling of struggle, since public service should be a hallmark of this new management, the defense of quality public service”, says the president in exercise of the National Union of Higher Education Teachers, Raquel Dias. For her, the category has felt that the government’s negotiating tables have turned into “winding tables”.
“We are considering that the government is cooking us on the back burner. We are still in the pre-room of negotiations, because the table was set up in March and this, in principle, opened up a good perspective. When it was installed, it created expectations that things could go well , but later it ended up becoming a table of confusion, neither the salary table nor the table that discusses non-salary issues”, says the union member.
The general coordinator of the Federation of Unions of Technical-Administrative Workers in Public Higher Education Institutions (Fasubra), Ivanilda Reis, recognizes that the categories knew that the scenario would be challenging with the current Congress that was elected and the compositions with parties and politicians not linked to the left that the PT needed to do to reach the government. “We knew how difficult this coalition government would be, we have a parliament with a reactionary majority, with a proposal to attack civil servants, including defending administrative reform. We knew what we would face”, she states.
According to her, the idea tomorrow is to carry out a symbolic act on the Esplanada dos Ministérios and also mobilize employees and teachers at public universities in different states. For next week’s table with the Ministry of Management, the movements are already organizing caravans and promise a greater mobilization in Brasília to hold a vigil during the leaders’ meeting with the federal government.
Calculations by the main union entities and forums that represent civil servants indicate that, since 2013, federal public servants have experienced two different situations. A portion of the federal public service has accumulated a salary gap of 53% in relation to accumulated inflation, while another, which has had more adjustments, has a gap of 39.92%.
Editing: Thalita Pires