The Pantanal recorded more than 2,300 fires in the first days of November, a scenario worsened by the drought and intense heat. The states of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso, which have the biome in their territory, declared an emergency situation for several municipalities.
According to data from the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe), the records are five times greater than the average for the month of November.period and represent five times the average for the month for the biome. The decrees released by state administrations include the Mato Grosso municipalities of Aquidauana, Corumbá, Ladário, Miranda and Porto Murtinho and the entire state of Mato Grosso.
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The fires started in October and have already exceeded 35 thousand hectares. More than 70% of this area is in the Rio Negro State Park. The flames also hit Pantanal National Park, the Dorochê Private Natural Heritage Reserve, and the Encontro das Águas State Park.
In both determinations, local governments cite the lack of rain and intense heat as aggravating the scenario. The emergency situation makes it possible to transfer resources and participate in federal civil defense.
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The work to put out the fire is hampered by strong winds in the region and difficulties in accessing the affected areas. On Monday (13), Ibama announced reinforcements in firefighting personnel and assistance to states.
Almost 300 firefighters and federal employees work there. A joint work plan is being drawn up. Four aircraft are used in the operation and two more must be sent for reinforcement. Ibama and Instituto Chico Mendes reported that they will allocate more brigade members to work in the area.
Editing: Rodrigo Chagas