A public consultation with school communities on whether or not to adhere to civic-military management was carried out between the 28th and 29th of November, in 127 state schools in Paraná. According to information from the communications department of the government of Paraná, of these 127, 82 school communities said yes to the process of militarization in schools and 45 were against it. However, compared to the consultation carried out in 2020, there was a decrease in schools in favor of adopting this management model.
APP Sindicato took a stand against militarization, considering it unconstitutional, and said it is still analyzing the results more precisely. For the entity, there is already a sign of weakening of the agenda, as in 2020, 88% of schools were militarized based on the results of another consultation carried out and, now, in 2023, the result points to 65% approval.
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“This shows that the schools that have joined and are operating under this management model are not working. This process, again, was slowed down and people did not have the opportunity to find out what this model is, what the impacts of the model actually are on the education of their sons and daughters. Students, in general, disapproved of this model because they are in school every day, they talk to each other with their colleagues, they know how violent this model is for their training, for their coexistence, for their expectations. , their dreams, their identities, their manifestations,” said APP’s secretary and educational affairs, Vanda Santana.
The dates of the consultation were announced fifteen days ago via a notice published by Governor Ratinho Jr. The process as a whole received complaints mainly sent to APP Sindicato that the State Department of Education (SEED-PR) and its Regional Centers were obstructing the position both from the union and from students and teachers opposed to militarization. As a result, the union filed a lawsuit denouncing the government with the Public Ministry of Labor (MPT-PR), which, in turn, issued a recommendation to SEED that if the obstructions continued, this would be characterized as an anti-union practice.
“The State used all its apparatus to influence the process, to lead the process, to lead in favor of militarization and did not, in fact, allow for a democratic debate, a space for democratic participation. Contrary to what he himself is preaching, because it was a process. Very quickly, the publication was on November 10th and the consultation took place on the 28th and 29th,” said Vanda.
Direct Unconstitutionality Action in the STF
Representative Ana Julia (PT) also took a stance against militarization and said that she will continue working for the approval of a Direct Action of Unconstitutionality (ADI), which is about to be analyzed by the Federal Supreme Court (STF). “Despite the efforts of the state government, which shamelessly campaigned for the militarization of schools, using the state apparatus, many schools chose to maintain constitutional schools, saying no to militarization! We weren’t able to stop them all, but we won many of them, despite the governor’s displeasure. Now we have the ADI pending preliminary analysis by Min Dias Toffoli, we believe he can suspend the implementation of these new schools until the merits of the ADI are judged. We will continue the fight for public, quality and emancipatory education,” she said.
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On Wednesday (8), state deputy Ana Júlia (PT) was in an audience in Brasília with the rapporteur of ADI 6791, minister Dias Toffoli, accompanied by the president of the National Confederation of Education Workers (CNTE), Heleno Araújo, from general secretary of the PT, Henrique Fontana, and the president of APP-Sindicato, Walkiria Olegário. The deputy, together with the entities, provided numerous data so that the illegality of these schools was recognized.
“We spoke to the Minister to ask for this judgment to be made and we demonstrated with data and information how this model has been bad for students, how it does not add to public education and how it does not exist in the Brazilian system”, he explains.
According to data released by the deputy, around R$36 million will be spent per year to place military personnel in school management. In Ana Júlia’s analysis, the model has a negative impact on the training of young people. “Militarization does not serve to promote the intellectual and social growth of young people, but will only ensure that they do not rebel against an unjust system”, she points out.
The official announcement of the schools that approved membership will be made after the results are published in the Official Gazette. Civic-military schools were established in Paraná in 2020. There are currently 194 schools in this modality and 12 of the national program model that will be incorporated by the State in 2024. With the new units, there will be 288 schools in this modality next year.
Source: BdF Paraná
Editing: Pedro Carrano