The Arayara Institute presented to the National Oil, Gas and Biofuels Agency (ANP) a study that warns of the negative impacts of the 4th Cycle of Permanent Concession Offer (OPC) and the 2nd Cycle of Permanent Sharing Offer (OPP), which will offer 21 blocks for oil and gas in the Amazon. The auction, which will be held next Wednesday (13), was classified by the institute as the “auction of the end of the world” and is considered the worst in the history of the ANP by experts on the subject.
The Arayara Institute report reveals that 15 Conservation Units, 23 indigenous lands and 5 quilombola territories will be affected by the blocks offered in this ANP cycle. Among the threatened Conservation Units are the Oceanic Mountains in Fernando de Noronha and the Abrolhos region
There is also a potential geological risk in one of the areas offered, which are just over 2km from the risk point for rock salt exploration, in Maceió.
The document, called Socio-Environmental Risk Diagnosis of the 4th cycle of the Permanent Concession Offer, points out that the auction offers blocks on land and sea that represent almost 2% of the national territory, exposing a series of legal, climatic and social contradictions.
According to Arayara, the ANP intends to auction 603 blocks and, at least, 94% of them overlap or conflict with the environmental guidelines of the Agency or the country’s Environmental Police.
In addition to violating the ANP’s environmental guidelines, the auction also represents a contradiction in relation to the climate goals defended by the Brazilian government at the international level. The diagnosis assesses “that the total potential emissions of the blocks in this cycle are greater than 1 GtCO2e, which puts the potential emissions from this cycle alone at the same level as Brazil’s annual emissions forecast for 2030.
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According to the Institute, this dedication to fossil fuels “is contradictory to the Brazilian government’s simultaneous efforts to position itself internationally as a global reference for the climate issue and nature conservation. At the same time, they are in line with the government’s movements within the sector of fossils, where 62% of the PAC is aimed at investments in this segment.”
The Institute also reinforces that “the main solutions to curb global warming are aimed at reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, with the replacement of
fossil fuels for renewable energy sources, the main one”.
According to a statement from the ANP, “the area with marginal accumulation of Japiim and 33 sectors with exploratory blocks, located in nine sedimentary basins, will be on offer in the public session of the 4th Cycle of the OPC: Amazonas, Espírito Santo, Paraná, Pelotas, Potiguar, Recôncavo, Santos, Sergipe-Alagoas and Tucano.”
In the 2nd Permanent Offer Cycle, blocks are being offered “located in the Pre-Salt Polygon: Cruzeiro do Sul, Esmeralda, Jade, Tupinambá (Santos Basin) and Turmalina (Campos Basin).”
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While the document warns of risks of the so-called ‘end of the world auction’, on Wednesday (06) Petrobras sent a drill ship to resume exploration of the Brazilian Equatorial Margin, a stretch that runs from Amapá to Rio Grande do North. The activity is the target of criticism from environmentalists and has become a topic of divergence between the government’s environmental area and the state sector.
Editing: Thalita Pires